Презентация по английскому языку Страдательный залог
Автор публикации: Кайбелева Р.Р.
Дата публикации: 14.10.2016
Passive Voice We use passive forms when: a) we don`t know WHO did it, The window was broken an hour ago. b) we are interested in WHAT happens, not WHO it is done by, His watch was stolen in the street. с) the situation is rather formal. Smoking is not allowed
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Passive Voice be+V3 Somebody cleans every day. (active) subject is cleaned every day. (passive) The object of the active verb becomes the subject in the new sentence. this room object This room subject
There are 10 forms of the verbs in the Passive voice. Present Simple Past Simple Future Simple am/is/are + V3 was/were + V3 will be+V3 The work is done. The work was done. The work will be done. Present Continuous Past Continuous Am/is/are being + V3 was/were being+V3 The work is being done. The work was being done. Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect have been + V3 had been + V3 will have been +V3 The work has been done. The work had been done. The work will have been done.
Future-in-the-Past Simple Would be +V3 (He said that)the letter would be written the next day. Future-in-the-Past Perfect Would have been +V3 (He said that)the letter would have been written by 5 o`clock the next day.
Rewrite these sentences using Passive voice: We shall bring the books tomorrow. They sell milk in this shop. By six o`clock he had finished the work. They have made a number of important experiments in this laboratory. When I came home, she had eaten the sweets. Has anybody explained the rules of the game to you? They will stage this play at the beginning of next season.
Remember If we want to say who does the action, we use by : This house was built by my grandfather. Two hundred people are employed by the company. If somebody does the action with the help of instruments, we use with : Meat should be cut with a knife. Food in Japan is eaten with chopsticks.
●The agent can be omitted when the subject is they, he, someone/somebody, people, one, etc. People have discovered the truth. (=The truth has been discovered.) ●In passive questions with who, whom or which we don`t omit by. Who gave you this book? Who were you given this book by?
Choose the right preposition: 1. Fish is cut … a special knife. 2. These novels are written … A. J. Cronin. 3. The big tree was cut down … Jim. 4. The bridge was built … five workers. 5. Who is the portrait painted …? 6. Women`s dresses are sewed … dressmakers.
Passive voice with the verbs that have two objects Some verbs can have two objects: We gave the police the information. object 1 object 2 So it is possible to make two passive sentences: The police were given the information. Or The information was given to the police. Other verbs which can have two objects are : ask offer pay refuse send show teach tell
Express the same in English using passive forms of the verbs Мои часы украли вчера. Тебя ищут. Иди домой. Нам показали очень странную картину. Почему над ним всегда смеются? Эти журналы должны быть возвращены на следующей неделе. Иванову велели объяснить, почему он пропускает занятия. Кто написал этот роман? Эта картина была написана в XVI.
Match the two parts of these sentences: 1. Marriages are made a) cannot be undone. 2. Easily earned money b) than badly taught. 3. The devil is not so black c) is quickly spent. 4. Things done d) as he is painted. 5. Better untaught e) in heaven. Find their Russian equivalents: a) Браки совершаются на небесах. b) Недоученный хуже неученого. c) Не так страшен черт, как его малюют. d) После драки кулаками не машут. e) Что легко наживается, легко и проживается.
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